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Ozark Institute Records

Organizational and Financial Records, 1970-1983

Manuscript Collection 252



INFORMATION ABOUT THE COLLECTION

Records of the Ozark Institute were assembled and donated to Special Collections in 1986 by Edd A. Jeffords of Austin, Texas. Jeffords directed the Conference on Ozark In-Migration in Eureka Springs in May, 1976, which led to the establishment of the Ozark Institute. Jeffords, who was executive director from 1977 until 1982, helped to establish the Ozark Institute as a resource center to address the needs of the rural low-income and elderly in the areas of food, energy, and shelter. The Institute sponsored Futures Forums in several county seats in Arkansas and provided job training and resources to rural people through programs such as the Ozark Producer-Consumer Alliance, the Family Farm Development Service, and publications and seminars on solar energy, energy conservation, forest preservation, the small farmer, and appropriate technology. Jeffords and others also incorporated the Ozark Public Broadcasting Company, which operated Eureka Springs Radio Station KESP from 1979 until 1981. The Ozark Institute is associated with the Ozarks "back to the land" movement of the 1970s. The controversy surrounding public funding of the Institute played a role in Governor Bill Clinton's first electoral defeat.

Materials include correspondence, mostly written from Eureka Springs; Arkansas newspaper articles; photographs; legal documents; a copy of the FBI investigation report about the Ozark Institute; publications by, about, or used by the Ozark Institute; videotapes; and papers of the Ozark Public Broadcasting Company and the Arkansas Rural Coalition. Newspaper clippings have been replaced with photocopies and are arranged chronologically. The collection is organized into five series and documents the Institute's origins, programs, affiliated organizations, and financial operations. The abbreviation OI will refer to the Ozark Institute.

Prepared by Rachel Skoney, Special Collections Department, University of Arkansas Libraries, Fayetteville, Arkansas, in May, 1988.


CONTENTS OF THE COLLECTION (9 containers; 3 1/2 linear feet)

Series 1. Organizational Papers, 1974-1983. (Boxes 1-2)
     Subseries 1. Origins, 1974-1979.
     Subseries 2. Ozark Institute Development and Operations, 1974-1983.

Series 2. Programs and Affiliated Organizations, 1970-1983. (Boxes 3-4)
    Subseries 1. Ozark Institute Programs, 1976-1983.
    Subseries 2. Affiliated Organizations, 1970-1983.

Series 3. Public Funding Controversy, 1974-1983. (Boxes 5-7)
    Subseries 1. Arkansas Gubernatorial Campaign, 1980-1982.
    Subseries 2. Financial Records, 1974-1983.
    Subseries 3. FBI Investigation Records, 1976-1982.

Series 4. Publications and Tapes, 1976-1982. (Box 8)
    Subseries 1. Publications of the Ozark Institute, 1976-1981.
    Subseries 2. Publications of the Ozark Public Broadcasting Company Inc., 1980-1981.
    Subseries 3. Other Publications, 1977-1982.
    Subseries 4. VHS Tapes, 1980.

Series 5. Photographs. 1976-1979. (Box 9)
 



Series 1.  Organizational Papers (Boxes 1-2)

Articles of incorporation, bylaws, legal documents, lease agreements, minutes of board meetings, contracts, news releases, memoranda, reports, programs, newspaper articles, and other records concerning the organization of the Ozark Institute and its operations. Significant materials include the proceedings and papers of the Conference on Ozark In-Migration, held May 14-15, 1976, in Eureka Springs; articles regarding University Town Hall meetings; and the papers of the Eureka Springs Cultural Affairs Committee and the Ozark Futures Forums.

Subseries 1. Origins, 1974-1979.

Box 1

1. Conference on Ozark In-Migration, May 14-15, 1976.
2. Sourcebook: Conference on Ozark In-Migration, Proceedings and Papers, Feb. 1974-May 15, 1979 (1 of 3).
3. Sourcebook: Conference on Ozark In-Migration, Proceedings and Papers, Feb. 1974-May 15, 1979 (2 of 3).
4. Sourcebook: Conference on Ozark In-Migration, Proceedings and Papers, Feb. 1974-May 15, 1979 (3 of 3).
5. Eureka Springs Cultural Affairs Committee, Aug. 23, 1974-Sept.17, 1977.
6. Notebook: Ozark Futures Forums, Aug. 10, 1976-May/June 1977 (1 of 2).
7. Notebook: Ozark Futures Forums, Aug. 10, 1976-May/June 1977.

Subseries 2. Ozark Institute Development and Operations, 1974-1983.

Box 1 (Cont'd)

8. Ozark Institute Bylaws and Articles of Incorporation - Planning
Papers, Feb. 4, 1974-April 19, 1980.
9. Lease Agreements, Aug. 14, 1979-April 5, 1983.
10. Equipment Contracts, Oct. 30, 1978-April 20, 1982.
11. Donations - Boone County Land, Oct. 24, 1978-Winter 1983.
12. Personnel Policies and Operations, Dec. 1977-Winter 1983.

Box 2

1. Executive Director Authorizations, June 16, 1980-March 27, 1981.
2. Memos, Dec. 11, 1979-July 9, 1981.
3. Minutes of Board Meetings, Nov. 26, 1976-May 1, 1982.
4. OI Board of Directors - Miscellaneous Business and Papers, Winter 1977-April 20, 1982.
5. News Releases, June 18, 1980-April 2, 1981.
6. Correspondence - Requests to Ozark Institute, Jan. 1979-Jan. 21, 1980.
7. Correspondence - Requests from Ozark Institute, Jan. 8, 1980-Sept. 8, 1981.
8. Correspondence - Outgoing, Aug. 5, 1980-Nov. 16, 1981 (1 of 2).
9. Correspondence - Outgoing, Aug. 5, 1980-Nov. 16, 1981 (2 of 2).
10. Contracts for Consultant Services, Sept. 21, 1978-Jan. 30, 1981 (1 of 2).
11. Contracts for Consultant Services, Sept. 21, 1978-Jan. 30, 1981 (2 of 2).
12. Inventory for Sale of Property, 1978-Aug. 2, 1982


Series 2.  Programs and Affiliated Organizations (Boxes 3-4)

Correspondence, magazine and newspaper articles, pamphlets, reports, news releases, project proposals, and other records regarding the programs and activities that were produced or sponsored by the OI. Materials pertain to the Family Farm Development Service, the Ozark Producer-Consumer Alliance, seminars on solar energy and energy conservation, and an OI-sponsored photograph exhibit by Eureka Springs photographer James Kanouff entitled "The Architecture of the Arkansas Ozarks." Other records pertain to the Institute's affiliated organizations, the Ozark Public Broadcasting Company (Eureka Springs Radio Station RESP) and the Arkansas Rural Coalition, and include bylaws and articles of incorporation.

Subseries 1. Ozark Institute Programs, 1976-1983.

Box 3

 1. Energy Programs. Dec. 1977-July 23, 1980 (1 of 3).
 2. Energy Programs. Dec. 1977-July 23, 1980 (2 of 3).
 3. Energy Programs. Dec. 1977-July 23, 1980 (3 of 3).
 4. Rural Programs and Solar Energy, Nov. 24, 1976-Feb. 7, 1979.
 5. Interim Program Evaluation - Report on the Family Farm Development Service, May- 1980.
 6. Correspondence - Ozark Producer-Consumer Alliance, Jan. 6, 1978 April 30, 1979.
 7. Architecture of the Arkansas Ozarks Photographic Exhibit, April 10, 1978-April 1983.
 8. Ozark Institute - Computer List of Miscellaneous Projects, Dec. 8, 1981-April 23, 1982.
 9. Project Grants and Proposals, Jan. 24, 1977-June 16, 1980.
10. OI News Clippings and Miscellaneous, May 2, 1976-April 1977.

Box 4

 1. OI News Clippings and Miscellaneous, May 10, 1977-Oct. 15, 1982 (1 of 3).
 2. OI News Clippings and Miscellaneous, May 10, 1977-Oct. 15, 1982 (2 of 3).
 3. OI News Clippings and Miscellaneous, May 10, 1977-Oct. 15, 1982 (3 of 3).

Subseries 2. Affiliated Organizations, 1970-1983.

Box 4 (cont'd)

 4. Ozark Public Broadcasting - Articles of Incorporation, March 2, 1977-Nov. 1981.
 5. Energy Programs. Dec. 1977-July 23, 1980.
 6. Ozark Public Broadcasting Public File, Aug. 15, 1970-April 24, 1981 .
 7. Correspondence - Ozark Public Broadcasting Company, Inc., Feb. 3, 1978-May 12, 1982.
 8. Arkansas Rural Coalition - IRS Tax-Exemption Papers, 1972-March 8, 1983.
 9. News Clippings, Oct. 12, 1978-May 7, 1981.


Series 3.  Public Funding Controversy (Boxes 5-7)

Correspondence, memoranda, audits, federal tax forms, court documents, FBI files, and other records pertaining to the Ozark Institute. Significant materials include the records related to the 1980 gubernatorial campaign of Frank White and Bill Clinton, a campaign which focused on the issue of public funding of the OI; the financial records of the Institute; and the FBI investigation papers concerning allegations of fraud in grant applications by the OI. The FBI conducted the investigation during the late summer and the fall of 1980; its files examine some programs of the Institute in depth. Materials in this series also furnish background on the Bill Clinton-Frank White controversy and on Edd Jeffords.

Subseries 1. Arkansas Gubernatorial Campaign, 1980-1982.

Box 5

1. Campaign 1980 News Clippings, April 26, 1980-Oct. 20, 1982 (1 of 2).
2. Campaign 1980 News Clippings, April 26, 1980-Oct. 20, 1982 (2 of 2).
3. Frank White Suit, July 26, 1980-Oct. 29, 1981 (1 of 2).
4. Frank White Suit, July 26, 1980-Oct. 29, 1981 (2 of 2).
5. Arkansas Democrat Libel Suit, Aug. 11, 1980-Sept. 28, 1981.

Subseries 2. Financial Records, 1974-1983.

Box 5 (cont'd)

 6. IRS 501-C-3 Tax-Exemption Papers - State of Arkansas Correspondence and Arkansas 990s, Nov. 2, 1977-Feb. 4, 1983.
 7. OI CETA Funding, 1977-Aug. 24, 1981.
 

Box 6

 1. OI Financial and Bank Information (Miscellaneous Audits, 1974 Nov. 15, 1982 (1 of 3).
 2. OI Financial and Bank Information (Miscellaneous Audits, 1974 Nov. 15, 1982 (2 of 3).
 3. OI Financial and Bank Information (Miscellaneous Audits, 1974 Nov. 15, 1982 (3 of 3).

Subseries 3. FBI Investigation Records. 1976-1982.

Box 6 (cont'd)

4. OI Investigation Papers, March 26, 198Q-1982.
 5. OI Freedom of Information - Privacy Acts Correspondence, July 14, 1981-April 22, 1982.
 6. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210-A-28(1A), 1976-1980.
 7. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210-28(lBl), 1980.
 8. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210-28(1Bl), 1979-1980.

Box 7

 1. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210-28(1Bl), 1979-1980.
 2. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 21028(1Bl), 1980.
 3. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210-28(1B13, 1978-1980.
 4. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210-28(1Bl), 1978-1980.
 5. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210A-28(1B2), 1980.
 6. FBI Papers - Subject:   Ozark Institute File No. 210-711, 1977 1981.
 7. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210A-28, Vol. I, 1980.
 8. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210A-28, Vol. II, 1980-1982.
 9. FBI Papers - Little Rock File No. 210A-28, Vol. III, 1980.


Series 4.  Publications and Tapes (Box 8)

Periodicals, pamphlets, brochures, and books produced by the Ozark Institute in cooperation with other community action groups; program guides published by the Ozark Public Broadcasting Company; other publications, including reports, pamphlets, and articles used by the Ozark Institute staff; and VHS tapes of an Ozark Institute employee meeting, a press conference, and a panel discussion regarding allegations made against the Ozark Institute.

Subseries 1. Publications of the Ozark Institute, 1976-1981.

Box 8

Folder 1. Periodicals, Pamphlets, Brochures, and Books, 1976-1980.

 1. The Conference on Ozark In-Migration, May 14-15, 1976. Eureka Springs, Arkansas: Arkansas Panel on Rural Development and Eureka Springs Cultural Affairs Committee. 1976.

 2. The Co-op Courier, March 1978.

 3. The Co-op Courier, July 1978.

 4. Architecture of the Arkansas Ozarks: A Photographic Exhibition by James Kanouff. 1978.

 5. The Future of Family Farms in Northwest Arkansas: A Report on the Family Farm Survey Conducted by the Ozark Institute in Northwest Arkansas, October 1978-February 1979.    Eureka Springs, Arkansas: Ozark Institute. May 1979.

 6. Community Food and Nutrition Program: Training and Technical Assistance Providers, Region VI, Community Services Administration. Eureka Springs, Arkansas: Ozark Institute, April 1980.

Box 8

Folder 1. (cont.)

7. Desmarais, Ralph, and Edd Jeffords, eds.  Uncertain Harvest: The Family Farm in Arkansas. Eureka Springs, Arkansas. Ozark Institute. 1980.

8. Community Canning Centers in Benton, Carroll, Madison Counties. N.p., Ozark Producer-Consumer Alliance, n.d.

9. Solar Energy Opportunity Report. Eureka Springs, Arkansas: Ozark Institute, n.d.

l0. Solar Greenhouse Guide. Eureka Springs, Arkansas: Ozark Institute. n.d.

11. Sowing Seeds for the Future: A Seed Propagation Handbook. Eureka Springs, Arkansas: Ozark Institute, n.d.
 

Subseries 2. Publications of the Ozark Public Broadcasting Company, Inc., l980-l981 .

Folder 2. Broadcast Guides, 1980-1981.
 

Subseries 3. Other Publications, 1977-1982.

Folder 3. Reports, Pamphlets, and Articles.

1. Ott, Carol J. For the Sake of the Rural Poor. Washington, D.C.: Rural Human Resources Program, National Association of Counties Research Foundation, 1977.

2. A Special Report on the Office of Human Concern for Benton, Carroll, and Madison Counties. 1977.

3. The White House Conference on Balanced National Growth and Economic Development.   Washington,  D.C., January 29-February 28, 1978.

4. The Southwest Public Forum on Appropriate Technology, Volume II, Proceedings. Final Report Prepared for the National Science Foundation by the Center for Studies in Business, Economics, and Human Resources, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio. December 1978.

5. Yanda, Bill, and Susan Yanda. The Solar Greenhouse Outreach Program: A Compendium of Hands-on Solar Workshop Experiences: Final Report. United States Department of Agriculture-Rural Development Services, December 1978.

6. Annual Report on the Office of Human Concern for Benton, Carroll, and Madison Counties. 1978.

7. Gusewelle, C. W. "Time and Lives in the Ozarks." Missouri Life. July-August 1980, 47-61.

 8. Yates, Juanita, ed. The "Low-Income Consumer Self-Help Conference: A Bootstrap Approach for the 80s" Conference Proceedings. Sponsored by Howard University, United States Office of Consumer Affairs, and District of Columbia Office of Consumer Protection, Washington, D.C., July 9-11, 1980.

 9. Mertz, Brian, ed. NCAT'S Best: Outstanding Projects Funded by the National Center for Appropriate Technology, 1977-1980. 1981.

 l0. Seventh Annual Conference of the Clearinghouse for Community Based Free Standing Educational Institutions. Conference Program. Washington, D.C., October 28-30, 1982.
 

Subseries 4. VHS Tapes, 1980.

Folder 4. Videotapes, 1980.

 1. OI Press Conference, No. 2, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, Aug. 29, 1980. Press conference with Jeffords's prepared statement about allegations made against the Institute.

 2. OI Press Conference, Eureka Springs, Arkansas, Sept. 26, 1980. Panel discussion of CETA funding of the OI. Includes B.J. McCoy of CETA, Anthony Marty of the Arkansas Department of Local Services, State Senator Jim Hendron of District 6, and State Representative Jonathon S. Fitch of District 24. Includes Edd Jeffords.

 3. OI CETA Meeting, No. 1, Sam Peck Hotel, Little Rock, Arkansas, October 1980. Institute directors discuss with employees attacks on OI, future plans, and employee concerns.


Series 5.  Photographs (Box 9)

Photographs document the Conference on Ozark In-Migration at Eureka Springs in May 1976; Ozark Futures Forums given in Mountain Home, Mountain View, Berryville, and other towns; the Ozark Institute headquarters; and the Ozark Institute Board of Directors during 1978-1979. All measurements are in inches, height by width.

Box 9

 Folder 1. Conference on Ozark In-Migration, Eureka Springs, May 14 15, 1976.

 1. Donald Harington, 8 X 10.

 2. Includes Hazel Cox. 8 X 10.

 3. Includes Ernie Deane, first on left, and Herman Napier, fourth from left. 10 X 8.

 4. Clyde Glenson on television screen. 5 X 7.

 5. Kevin Blanton on television screen. 5 X 7.

 6. Includes Craig Fuller on television screen. 5 X 7.

 7. Unidentified persons on television screen. 5 X 7.

 8. Unidentified man on television screen, labeled "Dr. Bill?, U of A?" 5 X 7

 9. Includes Edd Jeffords, Stephen Strausberg, Bill Brown, Herman Napier, Craig Fuller, James Diggs, and Donald Harington. 35 mm. proof sheet.
 

Folder 2. Baxter County Futures Forum, Mountain Home, Nov. 3, 1976.

 10. Panel: Stephen Strausberg, Louise Fleming, Marion Velflick (?), Edd Jeffords, Judge James H. Baker, William Schneider, Bill Brown, and Tom Graff. Baxter Co. Futures Forum, Mountain Home, Nov. 3, 1976. 5 X 7.

 11. Edd Jeffords, Judge James H. Baker and William Schneider. 5 X 7.

 12. William Schneider and Bill Brown. 5 X 7.

 13. Audience. 5 X 7.

 14. Audience. 5 X 7.

 15. Includes Stephen Strausberg, Edd Jeffords, William Schneider, Bill Brown, and Tom Graff. 35 mm. proof sheet.
 

 Folder 3. Izard County Futures Forum, Ozark Folk Culture Center, Mountain View, Nov. 4, 1976.

 16. Panel, including Stephen Strausberg, Edd Jeffords, Tom Graff, and Bill Brown. Others are Joel Breeding, Jerry Blankenship, and David Sharp. 5 X 7.

 17. Panel and audience. 5 X 7.

Folder 3. (cont.)

 18. Includes panel, James Diggs, and others. 35 mm. proof sheet.
 

Folder 4. Carroll County Futures Forum, Berryville, Nov. 30, 1976.

 19. Panel: Bill Brown, Tom Graff, Stephen Strausberg, Edd Jeffords, William Schneider, Burton George, James Diggs, and audience. 5 X 7.

 20. Panel and audience. 5 X 7.

 21. Stephen Strausberg, speaking. Burton George and James Diggs. 5 X 7.

 22. Tom Graff, speaking, and panel. 5 X 7.

 23. Burton George and James Diggs, OI board member. 5 X 7.

 24. Tom Graff. 7 X 5.

 25. Miscellaneous photographs of Carroll County Futures Forum, Berryville. 35 mm. proof sheet.
 

Folder 5. Futures Forum, ca. 1976.

 26. Panel includes unidentified man, Mary Jo Schneider, Tom Graff, Stephen Strausberg, Edd Jeffords, William Schneider, and Bill Brown. 5 X 7.

 27. Panel and audience. 5 X 7.

 28. Panel. 5 X 7.

 29. Kathy Sullivan. 7 X 5.

 30. Includes Mary Jo Schneider, Tom Graff, Stephen Strausberg, Edd Jeffords, William Schneider, Bill Brown, and "back to the landers." 35 mm. proof sheet.

 31. Includes Tom Graff, Edd Jeffords, Stephen Strausberg, William Schneider, Bill Brown, James Diggs, and Mary Jo Schneider. 35 mm. proof sheet.
 

Folder 6. Miscellaneous photographs, ca.1977-1979.

 32. Ozark Institute  Board of  Directors, 1978-1979.  James Diggs,Wallace Smith, Douglas Wilson, Edd Jeffords. Stephen Strausberg, and Steve Smith. 5 X 7.

 33. Ozark Institute Board of Directors. 5 X 7.

 34. Edd Jeffords. 7 X 5.

 35. Karen Asher and Craig Fuller. 5 X 7.

 36. Ernie Deane. 5 X 7.

 37. Audience, including Ginger Shiras of the Arkansas Gazette. 5 X 7.

 38. Includes Stephen Strausberg, Edd Jeffords, Craig Fuller, and James Diggs. 35 mm. proof sheet.

 39. Includes Tom Graff, Edd Jeffords, Craig Fuller, Wallace Smith, Douglas Wilson, and Steve Smith. 35 mm. proof sheet.

 40. Includes Douglas Wilson, Edd Jeffords, Stephen Strausberg, Steve Smith, Ernie Deane, Ginger Shiras, Craig Fuller, Wallace Smith, and James Diggs. 35 mm. proof sheet.

 41. Ozark Institute headquarters, Jan. 5, 1978. Polaroid print. 3 1/2 X 4 1/4.



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